内科，外科是医院一级分科，内科中的心血管内科、消化内科为二级分科，肾病、糠尿病科是三级分科。小医院只有一级分科，大、中型医院则有二、三级分科。内科是以药物治疗为主要手段的科室，主要包括： 1、 心血管内科 该科专门收治心脏和大血管系统的疾病，如各种心脏病、高血压等。目前，大中型医院都已设立了心血管专科，条件稍差的医院也在内科分设了心血管专业组。不同医院分别在心血管科设有心电图室、心功能检查室、心导管检查室，进行各种心脏疾病及功能的检查诊断。很多医院设置有心脏监护室，配合对严重心血管病的抢救和监护。 2、消化内科 专门收治胃、肠、肝、胆、胰、脾等消化器官的疾病。消化系统疾病是常见的多发病，消化内科是病人较为集中的大专科，收治的病种范围广、病人多。随着医学的发展，对消化道疾病发病原因与机制的研究已发展到分子生物水平。内窥镜检查已很普遍，如内窥镜下超声检查、定位活检、激光疗法、溃疡、肿瘤局部药物喷洒或注射疗法。新的检诊仪器及新药物等诊疗技术，促进了消化内科专业的发展。 3、呼吸内科 专门收治胸部、气管、肺等呼吸系统疾病，其收治的病种繁多，病因复杂，包括免疫、感染、变态反应、肿瘤、环境因素及许多原因不明的疾病，是一个较大的专业内科。许多 医院的呼吸科都设有肺功能室、支气管纤维镜室。 4、泌尿内科(肾病内科) 该科收治泌尿系统疾病即肾脏、膀胱、输尿管、尿道的疾病。肾病内科是独立出来不久的年轻学科，虽然起步较晚，但发展迅速，许多综合医院已设有肾病科。目前，诊断方面，开展了不少新的检测项目。在治疗上，普遍开展了透析疗法治疗肾功能衰竭，并积累了丰富的治疗经验，有效地提高了急性肾功能衰竭的治愈率和延长了慢性肾衰病人的生存时间。收治的常见疾病有原发性肾小球肾病、急慢性肾小球肾炎、急进性肾炎、肾盂肾炎、急慢性肾功能衰竭和肾小管酸中毒等。 5、神经内科 收治神经系统疾病及部份肌肉疾患，也是一个病种多而复杂的专科。每年因脑血管病死亡的病人，占疾病死亡原因的第二位。临床诊断除原有手段外，还新增了脑扫描、诱发电位、多普勒超声检查、放射影像高精尖诊断技术、放射性核素等先进检查方法，大大提高了神经系统疾病的诊断准确率，在治疗上也有了新的发展。 6、血液科 主要收治各类贫血、红细胞和血红蛋白异常，各型白血病，各类出血性疾病和凝血机制的缺陷等。不少大型综合医院已建立了血液病科，国外有将血液病和肿瘤合并为一个科的作法。我国部分医院已开展了骨髓移植治疗白血病的业务。 7、内分泌科 它是一个基础理论较强的专科，收治甲状腺、甲状旁腺、脑垂体、肾上腺、性腺、胰岛等内分泌腺体的疾病，如促肾上腺皮质腺瘤、甲状旁腺机能亢进、 糖尿病、胃泌素瘤等。这是一个诊治复杂、难度较大的专科，不少医院尚未独立设科，有些大型医院也只设有内分泌专业组。
Dr. Shen Jianping has been engaged in the treatment and diagnosis of common diseases for a long time. He has rich clinical experience and solid foundation. After retirement, I still stick to my job. Well received by local people in Changzhou.
Comprehensive internal medicine involves a wide range of knowledge, and the depth of knowledge involves medical workers at different levels in various medical departments. On the other hand, at work, telephone responses cannot cover the diseases of various departments. How broad is the comprehensive internal medicine, let's understand together:
Internal Medicine and Surgery are the first-level branches of the hospital. Among them, the Cardiology and Gastroenterology are the second-level branches, and the Nephrology and Fururia are the third-level branches. Small hospitals have only first-level divisions, while large and medium-sized hospitals have second- and third-level divisions. Internal medicine is a department with drug treatment as the main means, mainly including: 1, cardiovascular medicine This department specializes in treating diseases of the heart and the large vascular system, such as various heart diseases and hypertension. At present, large and medium-sized hospitals have set up cardiovascular specialties, and hospitals with less favorable conditions have also set up cardiovascular specialties in internal medicine. Different hospitals have an electrocardiogram room, a cardiac function test room, and a cardiac catheterization test room in the cardiovascular department to carry out various heart diseases and functions. Many hospitals are equipped with cardiac monitoring rooms to coordinate the rescue and monitoring of severe cardiovascular diseases. 2. Department of Gastroenterology Specially treats diseases of digestive organs such as stomach, intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas and spleen. Digestive system diseases are common and frequent. Gastroenterology is a junior college where patients are concentrated. The range of diseases treated is wide and there are many patients. With the development of medicine, research on the causes and mechanisms of gastrointestinal diseases has developed to the level of molecular biology. Endoscopy is very common, such as endoscopic ultrasonography, localization biopsy, laser therapy, ulcers, tumor local drug spray or injection therapy. New diagnostic equipment and new drugs and other diagnostic and treatment technologies have promoted the development of the profession of gastroenterology. 3. The Department of Respiratory Medicine specializes in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system such as the chest, trachea, and lungs. It has a wide range of diseases and complex causes, including immunity, infection, allergy, tumors, environmental factors, and many unknown causes. Professional internal medicine. Many hospitals have a pulmonary function room and a bronchial fiberscope room in the respiratory department. 4. Urology (Nephrology) This department treats diseases of the urinary system, namely kidney, bladder, ureter, and urethra. The Department of Nephrology is a young subject that has not been established for a long time. Although it started late, it has developed rapidly. Many general hospitals already have a Department of Nephrology. At present, many new testing projects have been carried out for diagnosis. In terms of treatment, dialysis therapy has generally been carried out to treat renal failure, and a wealth of treatment experience has been accumulated, which has effectively improved the cure rate of acute renal failure and prolonged the survival time of patients with chronic renal failure. Common diseases treated include primary glomerulonephropathy, acute and chronic glomerulonephritis, rapidly progressive nephritis, pyelonephritis, acute and chronic renal failure, and renal tubular acidosis. 5. Department of Neurology The treatment of nervous system diseases and some muscle diseases is also a specialty with many kinds of diseases and complex. Patients who die from cerebrovascular disease each year account for the second cause of disease death. In addition to the original methods of clinical diagnosis, advanced examination methods such as brain scanning, evoked potentials, Doppler ultrasound examination, high-precision diagnostic techniques for radiographic images, and radionuclides have been added, which greatly improves the accuracy of diagnosis of neurological diseases There have also been new developments in treatment. 6. Hematology mainly treats various types of anemia, abnormalities of red blood cells and hemoglobin, various types of leukemia, various types of bleeding diseases and defects of coagulation mechanism. Many large general hospitals have established hematology departments. Foreign countries have combined hematology and tumors into one department. Some hospitals in China have launched the business of bone marrow transplantation to treat leukemia. 7. Endocrinology Department It is a specialty with strong basic theory. It treats diseases of endocrine glands such as thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pituitary gland, adrenal gland, gonads, islets, etc. , Gastrinoma, etc. This is a specialty with complicated diagnosis and difficult treatment. Many hospitals have not set up an independent department, and some large hospitals only have an endocrinology team.
Knowing the face of comprehensive internal medicine, we can only choose to consult.