The main transmission route is blood transmission, mainly including the following transmission methods. The main modes of transmission are sharing syringes, sexual transmission and mother-to-child transmission. Contamination during hemodialysis is the main cause of hospital infections.
Blood transfusion and blood product transmission
It used to be the main method of transmission, but with the change of screening methods, this method has been effectively controlled.
Spread through damaged skin and mucous membranes
This includes the use of non-disposable syringes and needles, dental instruments that have not been strictly sterilized, endoscopes, invasive procedures, and needle sticks. Sharing razors, sharing toothbrushes, pedicures, tattoos, and piercing holes are also potential methods of menstrual transmission. Intravenous drug-sharing syringes and unsafe injections are currently the most important means of transmission.
Sexual relationships with people infected with HCV can also be infected; patients with other sexually transmitted diseases, especially those infected with HIV, have a higher risk of infection.
HCV RNA-positive mothers have a 4% to 7% chance of transmitting the virus to their babies during childbirth; if HIV infection is combined, the risk of transmission can increase to 20%.
It is worth noting that in our daily lives, contact with hugs, sneezes, coughs, food, drinking water, shared tableware and drinking glasses, no skin damage and other blood exposure generally does not spread HCV. Therefore, there is no need to worry too much.
Method: Qualitative test, result: negative is normal.
No need to fast, take two milliliters of blood, and send the report to the email on the same day.